Goodwin – Neighbors

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OHIO Township Land Owner Map
OHIO Township Land Owner Map

Introduction

In an effort to learn more about my grandparent’s neighbors when William and Martha Kirmse lived near Goodwin, Oklahoma, the above OHIO Township Land Owner Map along with 1910 US Census records are examined.

Land Ownership

To orient the discussion, note that the William Kirmse homestead (with a red border) and the Martha Kirmse property (with an yellow border) are located in Section 19. The John H Lohmann homestead (with a black border) is the SW quarter of section 30. John H Lohmann’s wife, Maria (Cordes) Lohmann, was a sister of William Kirmse’s wife, Martha (Cordes) Kirmse.

Also, note that Joseph and Louis Kirmse each have 80 acres in the SW quarter of Section 14.  Joseph and Louis are William Kirmse’s brothers[1]. They never lived there but rented out the land to the August Kahnert family[2].  My grandfather was a facilitator for family members and friends to purchase Oklahoma land. I remember when relatives from Perry County, Missouri visited he would take them out to see land that he had helped them purchase. Several times when there were children along he would take me along to visit with these cousins.  One time we went out in the Oklahoma panhandle to see property near Perryton, Texas.

The George Alexander Ehrlich homestead (with a green border) is the SW quarter of Section 21[4]. There are several other Ehrlich properties near by: George Ehrlich SE quarter of Section 17 (Apparently George Ehrlich sold or traded his Land Patent of SW quarter of Section 20); Dietrich Ehrlich NW quarter of Section 28 and the John H. Ehrlich SW quarter of Section 28.

1910 US Census

The fact that a given US Census record sheet shows the immediate neighbors is used to further define the neighbors of William and Martha Kirmse.

William Kirmse

1910 United States Federal Census for William Kirmse
1910 United States Federal Census for William Kirmse

The Ancestry.com transcription of the William Kirmse household is:

Name: William Kerical
[William Kerins] 
[William Kerine] 
Age in 1910: 35
Birth Year: abt 1875
Birthplace: Missouri
Home in 1910: Ohio, Ellis, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Martha Kerical
Father’s Birthplace: Germany
Mother’s Birthplace: Germany
Native Tongue: English
Occupation: Farmer
Industry: Gen Far
Employer, Employee or Other: Own Account
Home Owned or Rented: Own
Home Free or Mortgaged: Free
Farm or House: Farm
Able to Read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Years Married: 6
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
William Kerical 35
Martha Kerical 31
Juelius Kerical 5
Martha Cardes 62

The William Kirmse household includes William, his wife Martha, his son Julius and his mother-in-law Margaretha Cordes.

The next household below the William Kirmse household is the Henry J. Lohmann household. The Ancestry.com transcription of the Henry J. Lohmann household is:

Name: Henry J Lehmann
[Henry J Lohmann] 
Age in 1910: 26
Birth Year: abt 1884
Birthplace: Missouri
Home in 1910: Ohio, Ellis, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Mary Lehmann
Father’s Birthplace: Germany
Mother’s Birthplace: Germany
Native Tongue: English
Occupation: Farmer
Industry: Gen Far
Employer, Employee or Other: Employer
Home Owned or Rented: Own
Home Free or Mortgaged: Free
Farm or House: Farm
Able to Read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Years Married: 3
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Henry J Lehmann 26
Mary Lehmann 28
Edman Lehmann 1
Fred Lehmann 22
August Kahnert 23
The Henry J. Lohmann household. household includes Henry; his wife, Mary; his son, Edmond; his brother, Fred; and a border, August Kahnert.  Fred Lohmann and August Kahnert will assist the Kirmse family to move to Alva, Oklahoma at the end of 1910.

George Alexander Ehrlich

1910 United States Federal Census for George A Ehrlich
1910 United States Federal Census for George A Ehrlich

The Ancestry.com transcription of the George Alexander Ehrlich household is:

Name: George A Ehrlich
Age in 1910: 37
Birth Year: abt 1873
Birthplace: Russia
Home in 1910: Ohio, Ellis, Oklahoma
Race: White
Gender: Male
Immigration Year: 1891
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Hannah Ehrlich
Father’s Birthplace: Russia
Mother’s Birthplace: Russia
Native Tongue: English
Occupation: Farmer
Industry: Lu Farm
Employer, Employee or Other: Employer
Home Owned or Rented: Own
Home Free or Mortgaged: Mortgaged
Farm or House: Farm
Naturalization Status: Naturalized
Able to Read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Years Married: 15
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
George A Ehrlich 37
Hannah Ehrlich 32
Marry Ehrlich 14
Dina Ehrlich 12
Ledia Ehrlich 9
Lillie Ehrlich 8
Hulda Ehrlich 5
Esther Ehrlich 3
William Ehrlich 0
Jacob Stienert 27
Discussion

As noted above, US Census records do show who were immediate neighbors on a given sheet.  But, the order depends on the route the census taker took to reach each residence.  Note that the William Kirmse census record sheet number is 3999 as denoted on the upper right hand corner of the sheet. Even though the George Alexander Ehrlich homestead, as may be noted in the Land Owner Map at the top of this blog, is just one section east of the Kirmse property, the sheet number is 3900 – It is 99 sheets before the William Kirmse sheet. The census taker obviously took a rather circuitous route to go between the two residences.

Note the Birthplace Column with a yellow border, for the William Kirmse sheet, the birthplaces are from countries; Russia, Germany, and a variety of states; Missouri, Kansas, Iowa, Illinois, Tennessee, and Indiana with a few of the younger children being born in Oklahoma. The parent birthplaces are less varied from countries: Russia, Germany, England and a few states.

Note in comparison, the Birthplace Column with a yellow border, for the George Alexander Ehrlich sheet, the birthplaces are Russia and Kansas, Iowa, with the children being born in Kansas and Oklahoma. All of the parent birthplaces are German-Russian.  These people were part of the colony of Volga German-Russians that settled in Ellis County, The Oklahoma. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture notes that “Between 1900 and 1902 Evangelical Volga Germans moved from Marion, Kansas, to Shattuck, in Ellis County. This colony proved to be the state’s most cohesive and long-lasting.” [3]

Beginning at the top of sheet 3900 the following heads of households are listed with the apparent property that they own as listed on the OHIO Township Land Owner Map:

  • Schoenhals, John
  • Leathermann, Elizab
  • Harris, Roland
  • Jelmaota, Fred L.
  • Kirmse, William – W 19
  • Lohmann, Henry- NW 30
  • McKernan, Martha  – SW 30
  • Williams, Joseph W.  – SE 19
  • Tuman, William  SW 10, SW 11

Beginning at the top of sheet 3900 the following heads of households are listed with the apparent property that they own as listed on the OHIO Township Land Owner Map:

  • Schoenhals, David
  • Sturtz, George.- NW  34
  • Schwab, Alexander.- NW 33
  • Ehrlich, Alexander
  • Schmidt, John
  • Ehrlich, Alexander
  • Ehrlich, George – SE 17
  • Ehrlich, George A – SW  21
  • Stienert, Jacob
  • Ehrlich, Dietrich D.- NW 28

Apparently the census taker roamed around a bit.

Volga German-Russian Families

The following Volga German-Russian families are known to have lived in and around Shattuck, Oklahoma:[6] The numbers following the names are section numbers in the OHIO Township that these names appear:

  • Appel
  • Armbruster
  • Batt
  • Becker 9
  • Bender 20, 32
  • Blehm
  • Borth
  • Busch
  • Diel / Deal
  • Ehrlich 21, 21, 28, 31
  • Feil / Fiel
  • Fritzler
  • Gantz
  • Grasmick
  • Haffner 20
  • Hanschu
  • Heffle
  • Helzer
  • Herber
  • Kelln
  • Kerbs
  • Klein
  • Koch 6,5, 8
  • Laubhan 21, 33
  • Link
  • Longhofer
  • Meier 7,
  • Oblander 27
  • Renner
  • Rexius
  • Riffel
  • Ruf 27
  • Schick
  • Schoenhals 22, 26, 27, 34
  • Schultz 6, 17,35
  • Sell
  • Shibelhute (Scheibelhut)
  • Siebenlist 22
  • Spomer
  • Steinert 9
  • Steinle
  • Treiber
  • Winter / Winters 10, 25, 26
  • Wunsch
  • Youck (Jauk)

When

Circa 1910

Where

Ohio Township, Ellis County, Oklahoma

Notes

  1. See: Joe and Louis Kirmse Shattuck Farm http://grandmakirmsesalbum.kirmse.website/joe-and-louis-kirmse-shattuck-far/
  2. See: Joe Kirmse Shattuck Farm http://grandmakirmsesalbum.kirmse.website/joe-kirmse-shattuck-far/
  3. Dianna Everett. GERMANS FROM RUSSIA. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society. Downladed October 26, 2017 from: http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=GE008.
  4. See: George Alexander Ehrlich – Land Patent http://dalesfamilyresearch.kirmse.website/george-alexander-ehrlich-land-patent/
  5. Timothy Egan, ‘The WORST HARD TIME – The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the The Great American Dust Bowl’. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, , New York, New York. 2006. Chapter 4 High Plans Deutsch, page 68. This is a must read non-fictional account of the Dust Bowl era. Steinbeck’s “Grapes of Wrath” novel deals mostly with the poverty in California as a result of the Great Depression and Dust Bowl years. Timothy Egan writes about the history and people who stayed and survived the Dust Bowl period which plagued the Southern Plains.
  6. “Shattuck, Ellis Co., Oklahoma”, Center for Volga German Studies Downloaded November 17, 2017 from http://cvgs.cu-portland.edu/immigration/united_states/oklahoma/shattuck.cfm

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